Medidata Solutions, Inc.
Medidata Solutions, Inc. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/07/2012 06:03:53)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission File Number: 001-34387

 

 

Medidata Solutions, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   13-4066508

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

79 Fifth Avenue, 8th Floor

New York, New York

  10003
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(212) 918-1800

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     x   Yes     ¨   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     x   Yes     ¨   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     ¨   Yes     x   No

As of July 31, 2012, the registrant had 25,681,362 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012

Table of Contents

 

          Page  

PART I

  

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

  
  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011

     2   
  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 and 2011

     3   
  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three and Six Months Ended June  30, 2012 and 2011

     4   
  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 and 2011

     5   
  

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

     6   

Item 2.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     17   

Item 3.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

     28   

Item 4.

  

Controls and Procedures

     29   

PART II

  

OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  

Legal Proceedings

     30   

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

     30   

Item 2.

  

Unregistered Sale of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     30   

Item 3.

  

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     31   

Item 4.

  

Mine Safety Disclosures

     31   

Item 5.

  

Other Information

     31   

Item 6.

  

Exhibits

     31   

SIGNATURES

     32   

EXHIBIT INDEX

     33   

 

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Table of Contents

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

     June 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

ASSETS

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 58,723      $ 45,214   

Marketable securities

     55,177        62,463   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $928 and $882, respectively

     36,067        22,970   

Prepaid commission expense

     2,013        1,743   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     7,664        4,380   

Deferred income taxes

     7,563        10,896   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     167,207        147,666   

Restricted cash

     388        388   

Furniture, fixtures and equipment, net

     9,183        9,825   

Goodwill

     15,214        15,164   

Intangible assets, net

     2,552        3,425   

Deferred income taxes – long-term

     11,582        11,581   

Other assets

     2,569        1,786   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 208,695      $ 189,835   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 2,324      $ 3,861   

Accrued payroll and other compensation

     9,146        9,854   

Accrued expenses and other

     5,346        5,886   

Deferred revenue

     58,723        51,225   

Capital lease obligations

     63        114   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     75,602        70,940   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noncurrent liabilities:

    

Deferred revenue, less current portion

     11,385        12,037   

Deferred tax liabilities

     622        629   

Capital lease obligations, less current portion

     128        136   

Other long-term liabilities

     1,911        1,976   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noncurrent liabilities

     14,046        14,778   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     89,648        85,718   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share; 5,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding

     —          —     

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 100,000 shares authorized, 26,000 and 25,053 shares issued; 25,667 and 24,888 shares outstanding, respectively

     260        250   

Additional paid-in capital

     148,171        137,556   

Treasury stock, 333 and 165 shares, respectively

     (5,314     (2,186

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (303     (362

Accumulated deficit

     (23,767     (31,141
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     119,047        104,117   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 208,695      $ 189,835   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  

Revenues

        

Application services

   $ 41,541      $ 39,027      $ 79,937      $ 72,432   

Professional services

     11,972        11,175        23,935        18,527   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     53,513        50,202        103,872        90,959   

Cost of revenues(1)(2)

        

Application services

     8,213        7,050        15,697        14,192   

Professional services

     7,562        6,306        14,693        12,252   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

     15,775        13,356        30,390        26,444   

Gross profit

     37,738        36,846        73,482        64,515   

Operating costs and expenses:

        

Research and development(1)

     10,628        7,043        20,583        14,205   

Sales and marketing(1)(2)

     12,263        9,784        22,646        17,731   

General and administrative(1)

     9,159        9,296        18,449        18,382   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating costs and expenses

     32,050        26,123        61,678        50,318   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     5,688        10,723        11,804        14,197   

Interest and other income (expense):

        

Interest expense

     (28     (31     (49     (67

Interest income

     60        75        131        163   

Other expense, net

     (10     (30     (10 )     (2
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest and other income, net

     22        14        72        94   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     5,710        10,737        11,876        14,291   

Provision for income taxes

     2,106        740        4,502        1,108   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 3,604      $ 9,997      $ 7,374      $ 13,183   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per share:

        

Basic

   $ 0.15      $ 0.42      $ 0.30      $ 0.56   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

   $ 0.14      $ 0.40      $ 0.29      $ 0.53   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

        

Basic

     24,406        23,571        24,212        23,491   

Diluted

     25,277        24,790        25,082        24,798   

(1)    Stock-based compensation expense included in cost of revenues and operating costs and expenses is as follows:

  

Cost of revenues

   $ 514      $ 325      $ 809      $ 561   

Research and development

     307        177        498        297   

Sales and marketing

     803        496        1,367        911   

General and administrative

     1,534        1,298        2,638        2,267   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation

   $ 3,158      $ 2,296      $ 5,312      $ 4,036   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(2)    Amortization of intangible assets included in cost of revenues and operating costs and expenses is as follows:

  

Cost of revenues

   $ 319      $ 215      $ 637      $ 452   

Sales and marketing

     129        124        258        248   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total amortization of intangible assets

   $ 448      $ 339      $ 895      $ 700   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands)

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  

Net income

   $ 3,604      $ 9,997      $ 7,374      $ 13,183   

Other comprehensive (loss) income:

        

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     (195     20        60        113   

Unrealized loss on marketable securities

     (12     (20     (1     (38
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive (loss) income

     (207     —          59        75   

Tax benefit related to unrealized loss on marketable securities

     4        —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax

     (203     —          59        75   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income, net of tax

   $ 3,401      $ 9,997      $ 7,433      $ 13,258   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands)

 

     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2012     2011  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 7,374      $ 13,183   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     4,028        3,962   

Stock-based compensation

     5,312        4,036   

Amortization of discounts or premiums on marketable securities

     601        583   

Deferred income taxes

     3,328        (128

Amortization of debt issuance costs

     30        30   

Excess tax benefit associated with equity awards

     (677     —     

Contingent consideration adjustment

     160        —     

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable

     (10,677     6,428   

Prepaid commission expense

     (245     455   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     (2,670     257   

Other assets

     (1,406     (508

Accounts payable

     (1,238     (1,319

Accrued payroll and other compensation

     (708     (4,327

Accrued expenses and other

     656        1,268   

Deferred revenue

     4,570        (12,326

Other long-term liabilities

     (225     (43
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     8,223        11,551   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Purchases of furniture, fixtures and equipment

     (3,245     (1,878

Purchases of available-for-sale securities

     (36,323     (70,273

Proceeds from sale of available-for-sale securities

     43,007        66,723   

Decrease in restricted cash

     —          144   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     3,439        (5,284
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

     4,636        1,576   

Excess tax benefit associated with equity awards

     677        —     

Payment of acquisition-related earn-out

     (251     —     

Repayment of obligations under capital leases

     (85     (471

Acquisition of treasury stock

     (3,128     (1,624
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     1,849        (519
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     13,511        5,748   

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (2     10   

Cash and cash equivalents – Beginning of period

     45,214        16,025   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents – End of period

   $ 58,723      $ 21,783   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

    

Cash paid during the period for:

    

Interest

   $ 23      $ 36   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income taxes

   $ 2,099      $ 1,107   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noncash activities:

    

Furniture, fixtures and equipment acquired through capital lease obligations

   $ 26      $ —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Furniture, fixtures, and equipment acquired but not yet paid for at period-end

   $ 110      $ 133   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Issuance of notes payable in connection with acquisition-related earn-out payments

   $ 171      $ —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

 

1. ORGANIZATION

Medidata Solutions, Inc. (the “Company”) provides cloud-based drug development solutions that optimize the efficiency of its customers’ clinical development processes. The Company’s solutions allow its customers to increase the value of their clinical development by more efficiently and effectively designing, planning and managing key aspects of the clinical trial process, including study and protocol design, trial planning and budgeting, site negotiation, clinical portal, trial management, randomization and trial supply management, clinical data capture and management, safety events capture, medical coding, clinical business analytics, and data flow and interoperability among multiple trial applications.

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Except to the extent updated or described below, the Company’s significant accounting policies as of June 30, 2012 are the same as those at December 31, 2011, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 13, 2012.

Basis of Presentation — The accompanying interim condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the SEC for interim financial reporting. Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures have been condensed or omitted pursuant to SEC rules that would ordinarily be required by GAAP for complete financial statements. These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 13, 2012.

The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments consisting of normal recurring accruals considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of June 30, 2012, results of its operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, comprehensive income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2012.

Income Taxes — The Company uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes, as prescribed by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740, Income Taxes , which recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are recorded to reduce deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will not be realized.

In addition, the Company follows ASC 740-10 for the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the consolidated financial statements. Under ASC 740-10, the Company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position.

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

For the provision for income taxes at interim periods, the Company follows ASC 740-270, Income Taxes — Interim Reporting , and has developed an estimate of the annual effective tax rate based upon the facts and circumstances known at the time. The Company’s effective tax rate is based on expected income, statutory rates and permanent differences applicable to the Company in the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates.

Segment Information — As defined by ASC 280, Segment Reporting , the Company operates as a single segment, as the chief operating decision maker makes operating decisions and assesses performance based on one single operating unit. The Company recorded revenues in the following geographic areas for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Revenues:

           

United States of America

   $ 34,955       $ 32,388       $ 67,857       $ 57,177   

Japan

     6,954         6,167         14,271         11,797   

United Kingdom

     3,814         4,298         5,954         7,943   

Switzerland

     2,932         2,390         5,824         4,598   

Other

     4,858         4,959         9,966         9,444   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 53,513       $ 50,202       $ 103,872       $ 90,959   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Revenues by geographic area are presented based upon the country in which revenues were generated. No individual country other than the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom and Switzerland represented 5% or more of net revenues for any of the periods presented.

The following table summarizes long-term assets by geographic area as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (in thousands):

 

     June 30,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

Long-term assets:

     

United States of America

   $ 33,345       $ 33,697   

United Kingdom

     7,664         7,906   

Japan

     479         566   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 41,488       $ 42,169   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements — In May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement: Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs . The amendments in this ASU generally represent clarification of ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures , but also include instances where a particular principle or requirement for measuring fair value or for disclosing information about fair value measurements has changed. ASU No. 2011-04 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company adopted ASU No. 2011-04 on January 1, 2012 and the adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income , which removes the presentation options contained in ASC 220, Comprehensive Income , and requires entities to report components of comprehensive income in either a continuous statement of comprehensive income or two separate but consecutive statements. Under the two-statement approach, the first statement would include components of net income, which is consistent with the format of statement of operations used today, and the second statement would include components of other comprehensive income. In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-12, Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to Presentation of Reclassification of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in ASU 2011-05, to defer indefinitely the effective date of the specific requirement to present items that are reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income to net income alongside their respective components of net income and other comprehensive income. All other provisions of ASU No. 2011-05 are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011, and must be applied retrospectively

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

for all periods presented in the financial statements. The Company adopted the applicable provisions of ASU No. 2011-05 on January 1, 2012. The adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements other than merely a change in their presentation.

 

In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, Testing Goodwill for Impairment , which simplifies how entities test goodwill for impairment. ASU No. 2011-08 permits an entity to assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. ASU No. 2011-08 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU No. 2011-08 on January 1, 2012 and the adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

3. MARKETABLE SECURITIES

The Company manages its cash equivalents and marketable securities as a single investment portfolio that is intended to be available to meet the Company’s current cash requirements. Cash equivalents consist principally of investments in money market funds. Marketable securities, which the Company classifies as available-for-sale securities, primarily consist of high quality commercial paper, corporate bonds, U.S. government debt obligations, and bank certificates of deposit. Marketable securities with remaining effective maturities of twelve months or less from the balance sheet date are classified as short-term; otherwise, they are classified as long-term on the consolidated balance sheet. The following table provides the Company’s marketable securities by security type as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (in thousands):

 

     As of June 30, 2012  
     Cost      Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Estimated
Fair
Value
 

Commercial paper and corporate bonds

   $ 47,003       $ 1      $ (28   $ 46,976   

U.S. Treasury and U.S. government agency debt securities

     3,002         —           —          3,002   

Bank certificates of deposit

     5,200         —           (1 )     5,199   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 55,205       $ 1       $ (29   $ 55,177   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     As of December 31, 2011  
     Cost      Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Estimated
Fair
Value
 

Commercial paper and corporate bonds

   $ 44,168       $ 1       $ (29   $ 44,140   

U.S. Treasury and U.S. government agency debt securities

     13,122         5         —          13,127   

Bank certificates of deposit

     5,200         —           (4     5,196   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 62,490       $ 6       $ (33   $ 62,463   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Contractual maturities of the Company’s marketable securities as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

     As of June 30, 2012      As of December 31, 2011  
     Cost      Estimated
Fair

Value
     Cost      Estimated
Fair

Value
 

Due in one year or less

   $ 55,205       $ 55,177       $ 62,490       $ 62,463   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

The following table provides the fair market value and the gross unrealized losses of the Company’s marketable securities with unrealized losses that are not deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired, aggregated by security type as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (in thousands):

 

     In Loss Position for Less than 12 Months  
     As of June 30, 2012     As of December 31, 2011  
     Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Commercial paper and corporate bonds

   $ 36,880       $ (28   $ 24,868       $ (29

Bank certificates of deposit

     5,199         (1     5,196         (4
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 42,079       $ (29   $ 30,064       $ (33
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

None of the Company’s marketable securities has been in a continuous unrealized loss position for more than twelve months as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

At June 30, 2012, the Company had an insignificant gross unrealized loss primarily due to a decrease in the fair value of certain corporate bond securities. The Company regularly reviews its investment portfolio to identify and evaluate investments that have indications of possible impairment. Factors considered in determining whether a loss is temporary include:

 

   

the length of time and extent to which fair value has been lower than the cost basis;

 

   

the financial condition, credit quality and near-term prospects of the investee; and

 

   

whether it is more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the security prior to recovery.

As the Company has the ability and intent to hold these investments until a recovery of fair value, which may be maturity, the Company has determined that the gross unrealized losses on such investments at June 30, 2012 are temporary in nature. Accordingly, the Company did not consider that its investments in marketable securities were other-than-temporarily impaired as of June 30, 2012.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, the Company did not record any net realized gains or losses from the sale of marketable securities. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company recorded an insignificant amount of net realized gains from the sale of marketable securities.

 

4. FAIR VALUE

ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures , establishes a framework for measuring fair value. That framework provides a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value and enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under ASC 820-10 are described as follows:

 

Level 1 —    Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.
Level 2 —    Other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, include:
  

•        quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets;

  

•        quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active;

  

•        inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability;

  

•        inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

   If the asset or liability has a specified (contractual) term, the Level 2 inputs must be observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3 —    Unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology and significant to the fair value measurement for the asset or liability.

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

Financial assets (excluding cash balances) measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

     As of June 30, 2012      As of December 31, 2011  
    

Fair Value

Measurement Using

     Fair Value Measurement Using         
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total  

Assets:

                       

Money market funds

   $ 45,914       $ —         $ —         $ 45,914       $ 28,637       $ —         $ —         $ 28,637   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cash equivalents

     45,914         —           —           45,914         28,637         —           —           28,637   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commercial paper and corporate bonds

     —           46,976         —           46,976         —           44,140         —           44,140   

U.S. Treasury and U.S. government agency debt securities

     —           3,002         —           3,002         5,510         7,617         —           13,127   

Bank certificates of deposit

     —           5,199         —           5,199         —           5,196         —           5,196   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total marketable securities

     —           55,177         —           55,177         5,510         56,953         —           62,463   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total financial assets

   $ 45,914       $ 55,177       $ —         $ 101,091       $ 34,147       $ 56,953         —         $ 91,100   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

                       

Contingent consideration

   $ —         $ —         $ 1,682       $ 1,682       $ —         $ —         $ 1,522       $ 1,522   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company’s financial assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis are generally classified within Level 1 or Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. Investments in money market funds and U.S. Treasury debt securities have been classified as Level 1 since these securities are valued based upon $1.00 net asset value per share or unadjusted quoted prices in active markets. Investments in commercial paper, corporate bonds, U.S. government agency debt securities, and bank certificates of deposit have been classified as Level 2 since these securities are valued based on quoted prices in less active markets or significant inputs which are directly or indirectly observable. The valuation techniques used to measure the fair values of corporate bonds, U.S. government agency debt securities, and bank certificates of deposit were derived from the inputs of market prices from multiple sources at each reporting period. The fair value was then determined based on a consensus price or a weighted average price for each security. For the remaining financial assets classified as Level 2, substantially all of the securities had a short maturity within one year with high credit ratings. Therefore, the valuation techniques used to measure the fair values were primarily derived from accretion of purchase price to its face value over the term of maturity or quoted market prices for similar instruments if available. During the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, there were no transfers of financial assets between Level 1 and Level 2.

The contingent consideration associated with acquisition-related earn-out payments (as described in Note 5, “Acquisition”) is classified as Level 3. The fair value of the contingent consideration was estimated by applying the income approach. That measure is based on significant inputs that are not observable in the market. The significant inputs in the Level 3 measurement not supported by market activity included the Company’s probability assessments of expected future cash flows associated with its related acquisition during the earn-out payments measurement period, appropriately discounted considering the uncertainties associated with the obligation, and calculated in accordance with the terms of the purchase agreement. Significant assumptions include a discount rate of 11%, which is derived from the Company’s estimated weighted average cost of capital of 16% net of a 5% risk adjustment. Changes in the Company’s expectations related to the achievement of the performance-based criteria specified in the purchase agreement may affect these assumptions, resulting in an increase or decrease in the fair value of the contingent consideration liability.

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

The following table provides a summary of changes in fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities during the first six months of 2012 (in thousands):

 

     Contingent
Consideration
 

Balance at January 1, 2012

   $ 1,522   

Change in fair value

     160   
  

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2012

   $ 1,682   
  

 

 

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, the Company recorded an adjustment of $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, to the contingent consideration obligation as a result of the recurring measurement of its fair value at each reporting period using the income approach. This fair value adjustment was recorded in general and administrative expenses in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. Since the triggering event for this contingent consideration obligation has not been met at the reporting date, the entire balance of the associated liability was recorded in other long-term liabilities as of June 30, 2012.

The carrying amounts of all other current financial assets and current financial liabilities reflected in the consolidated balance sheets approximate fair value due to their short-term nature. The Company does not have non-financial assets or liabilities that have been measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as of June 30, 2012.

 

5. ACQUISITION

On July 1, 2011, the Company acquired Clinical Force Limited (“Clinical Force”), a UK-based provider of clinical trial management systems (“CTMS”). With this acquisition, the Company expanded its service offerings to include a clinical trial management solution, which enables customers to reduce the financial and operational management burden of clinical trials, streamline clinical processes and increase visibility to timely information that enhances governance and decision making. In exchange for all outstanding shares of Clinical Force, the Company paid consideration consisting of $5.2 million cash at closing, plus additional performance-based earn-out payments of up to $2.6 million, which had a fair value of approximately $1.8 million as of the acquisition date. The earn-out payments are contingent upon the achievement of future billing targets for the CTMS application, calculated over three measuring periods beginning at December 31, 2011 and continuing for each of the next two calendar years thereafter.

In allocating the purchase price based on estimated fair values, the Company recorded $5.6 million of goodwill, $2.1 million of identifiable intangible assets, and $0.7 million of net liabilities. Clinical Force’s operations have been included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements since the date of acquisition on July 1, 2011.

 

6. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The change in the carrying amount of goodwill during the first six months of 2012 is as follows (in thousands):

 

Balance as of January 1, 2012

   $ 15,164   

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     50   
  

 

 

 

Balance as of June 30, 2012

   $ 15,214   
  

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

Intangible assets are summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

     As of June 30, 2012      As of December 31, 2011  
     Gross
Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Carrying
Amount
     Gross
Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Carrying
Amount
 

Acquired technology

   $ 4,038       $ (2,469   $ 1,569       $ 4,021       $ (2,023   $ 1,998   

Database

     1,900         (1,631     269         1,900         (1,441     459   

Customer relationships

     2,048         (1,334     714         2,044         (1,076     968   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 7,986       $ (5,434   $ 2,552       $ 7,965       $ (4,540   $ 3,425   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Annual amortization for the next five years is expected to be as follows (in thousands):

 

Remainder of year ending December 31, 2012

   $ 892   

Years ending December 31,

  

2013

     804   

2014

     521   

2015

     272   

2016

     45   

2017

     18   

 

7. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

In May 2012, the Company amended and restated the 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan (as amended and restated, the “Plan”) to increase the number of shares of common stock that the Company may issue under the Plan by 1.5 million shares to a total of 4.0 million shares.

 

The Company accounts for the stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation . For the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, the components of stock-based compensation expense were summarized in the following table (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Stock options

   $ 999       $ 1,068       $ 1,945       $ 2,113   

Restricted stock awards

     2,159         1,228         3,367         1,923   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation

   $ 3,158       $ 2,296       $ 5,312       $ 4,036   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

The fair value of each stock option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  

Expected volatility

     46     50     46     50

Expected life

     6 years        6 years        6 years        6 years   

Risk-free interest rate

     0.95     2.03     0.96     2.03

Dividend yield

     —          —          —          —     

The following table summarizes the activity under the stock option plans as of June 30, 2012, and changes during the six months then ended (in thousands, except per share data):

 

     Number of
Shares
    Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
     Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
(years)
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 

Outstanding at January 1, 2012

     2,355      $ 13.70         

Granted

     389        27.56         

Exercised

     (541     8.57         

Forfeited

     (44     17.66         

Expired

     (7     19.29         
  

 

 

         

Outstanding at June 30, 2012

     2,152      $ 17.39         7.27       $ 32,880   
  

 

 

         

Exercisable at June 30, 2012

     1,176      $ 13.66         5.88       $ 22,368   
  

 

 

         

Vested and expected to vest at June 30, 2012

     2,081      $ 17.17         7.20       $ 32,252   
  

 

 

         

The weighted-average grant-date fair value of stock options granted during the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 was $12.41 and $11.36, respectively. The weighted–average grant-date fair value of stock options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 was $12.27 and $11.36, respectively. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 was $3.8 million and $1.2 million, respectively. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 was $9.5 million and $3.6 million, respectively.

The following table summarizes the status of the Company’s nonvested restricted stock awards as of June 30, 2012, and changes during the six months then ended (in thousands, except per share data):

 

     Number of
Shares
    Weighted-
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
 

Nonvested at January 1, 2012

     961      $ 19.02   

Granted

     406        27.97   

Vested

     (298     18.09   

Forfeited

     (56     18.44   
  

 

 

   

Nonvested at June 30, 2012

     1,013      $ 22.92   
  

 

 

   

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

As of June 30, 2012, there was a total of $32.2 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to all non-vested stock-based compensation awards granted, as recorded in accordance with ASC 718. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average remaining period of 3.04 years for stock options and 3.13 years for restricted stock awards. The total fair value of shares vested during the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 was $9.1 million and $5.7 million, respectively. The total fair value of shares vested during the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 was $10.1 million and $6.8 million, respectively.

 

8. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The Company follows ASC 260, Earnings Per Share , in calculating earnings per share. Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share includes the determinants of basic net income per share and, in addition, gives effect to the potential dilution that would occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock are exercised, vested or converted into common stock unless they are anti-dilutive.

A reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 are shown in the following table (in thousands, except per share data):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Numerator

           

Net income

   $ 3,604       $ 9,997       $ 7,374       $ 13,183   

Denominator

           

Denominator for basic earnings per share:

           

Weighted average common shares outstanding

     24,406         23,571         24,212         23,491   

Denominator for diluted earnings per share:

           

Dilutive potential common shares:

           

Stock options

     601         893         603         949   

Restricted stock awards

     270         326         267         358   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding with assumed conversion

     25,277         24,790         25,082         24,798   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

   $ 0.15       $ 0.42       $ 0.30       $ 0.56   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.14       $ 0.40       $ 0.29       $ 0.53   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total number of anti-dilutive shares of stock options and nonvested stock excluded from calculation of diluted earnings per share

     487         124         518         69   

 

9. INCOME TAXES

The Company’s effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 was 37% and 38% respectively, and differed from the federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to state and local income taxes, and benefit associated with domestic production activities deduction.

The Company’s effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 was 7% and 8%, respectively, and differed from the federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to state and local income taxes, stock-based compensation, and release of valuation allowance related to the expected utilization of previously valued attributes based on projected taxable income in 2011. The majority of the Company’s domestic net deferred tax assets was offset by the valuation allowance. The Company’s income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 primarily consisted of foreign and domestic state and local income taxes.

 

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Table of Contents

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED (Unaudited)

 

The Company had approximately $2.1 million of gross unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2011. For the six months ended June 30, 2012, there was no change relating to the Company’s tax positions. In April 2012, the Company was notified by the Internal Revenue Service that its 2010 Federal income tax return will be examined.

 

10. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Legal Matters — The Company is subject to legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. From time to time, third parties have asserted and may in the future assert intellectual property rights to technologies that are important to the Company’s business and have demanded and may in the future demand that the Company license their technology. The Company records an estimated liability for these matters when an adverse outcome is considered to be probable and can be reasonably estimated. Although the outcome of the litigation cannot be predicted with certainty and some lawsuits, claims, or proceedings may be disposed of unfavorably to the Company, which could materially and adversely affect its financial condition or results of operations, the Company does not believe that it is currently a party to any material legal proceedings.

On March 4, 2011, DataTrak International, Inc. filed a complaint for alleged patent infringement against the Company in DataTrak International v. Medidata Solutions, C.A. No. 1:11-cv-00458 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. The complaint asserts infringement of U.S. Patent No. 7,464,087 (the “’087 Patent”), which claims a method and system for unifying data from a variety of sources. The complaint asserts that the Company infringes the patent owned without providing any details concerning the alleged infringement, and it seeks unspecified damages and injunctive relief. On October 28, 2011, the Company filed an application for ex parte reexamination of the ’087 Patent with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (the “PTO”). On December 16, 2011, the PTO issued a non-final rejection of the validity of all claims of the ’087 Patent. On the same date, the district court granted the Company’s motion to stay the case pending reexamination of the patent-in-suit. On April 6, 2012, the PTO issued its final office action rejecting all asserted claims of the ’087 Patent. In July 2012, DataTrak filed a notice of appeal to the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences. If this appeal is not successful and the decision is ultimately upheld, it will result in the elimination of the litigation. The Company believes that it has valid defenses to the lawsuit and intends to defend itself vigorously in the event the stay of the case is lifted. The probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome to the Company in the event the stay of the case is lifted is unknown and a range of loss, if any, cannot be estimated at this time. As a result, the Company has not recorded any accrual associated with this litigation.

On July 31, 2012, DataTrak was issued U.S. Patent No. 8,234,294 (the “’294 Patent”), which is closely related to the ’087 Patent previously asserted against the Company. On July 31, 2012, the Company filed a lawsuit against DataTrak in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey seeking a declaratory judgment of patent invalidity and non-infringement concerning the ’294 Patent. The Company intends to vigorously pursue its claims and defenses concerning the ’294 Patent. The ultimate outcome of this litigation cannot presently be determined, nor can the liability that could potentially result from a negative outcome be reasonably estimated. As a result, the Company has not recorded any accrual associated with this litigation.

Contractual Warranties — The Company typically provides contractual warranties to its customers covering its product and services. To date, any refunds provided to customers have been immaterial.

Change in Control Agreements — In January 2009, the Company entered into change in control agreements with its chief executive officer and certain other executive officers. These agreements provide for payments to be made to such officers upon involuntary termination of their employment by the Company without cause or by such officers for good reason as defined in the agreements, within a two-year period following a change in control. The agreements provide that, upon a qualifying termination event, such officers will be entitled to (a) a severance payment equal to the officer’s base salary plus target bonus amount; (b) continuation of health benefits for 12 months; (c) immediate vesting of any remaining unvested equity awards; and (d) a tax gross up payment under Section 280G of the Internal Revenue Code sufficient to reimburse the officer for 50% of any excise tax payable as a result of any termination payments following a change in control, if applicable. In March 2012, the Company amended the agreements with its named executive officers to eliminate the tax gross-up payments.

 

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Table of Contents
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements reflect our current estimates, expectations and projections about our future results, performance, prospects and opportunities. Forward-looking statements include, among other things, the information concerning our possible future results of operations, business and growth strategies, financing plans, expectations that regulatory developments or other matters will not have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition, our competitive position and the effects of competition, the projected growth of the industry in which we operate, the benefits and synergies to be obtained from our completed and any future acquisitions, and statements of management’s goals and objectives, and other similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. Words such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “appears,” “projects” and similar expressions, as well as statements in the future tense, identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by which, such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking information is based on information available at the time and/or management’s good faith belief with respect to future events, and is subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in the statements. Important factors that could cause such differences include, but are not limited to the factors discussed under the “Risk Factors” section included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, on March 13, 2012.

The following is a discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations and should be read together with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes to condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes to audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011.

Overview

We are a leading global provider of cloud-based drug development solutions that optimize the efficiency of our customers’ clinical development processes from concept to conclusion, optimizing their research and development investments. Our customers are pharmaceutical, biotechnology and medical device companies, academic institutions, contract research organizations, or CROs, and other organizations engaged in clinical trials to bring medical products and treatments to market and explore new indications for existing medical products. Our solutions allow our customers to increase the value of their development programs by more efficiently and effectively designing, planning, and managing key aspects of the clinical trial process, including study and protocol design, trial planning and budgeting, site negotiation, clinical portal, trial management, randomization and trial supply management, clinical data capture and management, safety events capture, medical coding, clinical business analytics, and data flow and interoperability among multiple trial applications. Our customers rely on our solutions to safely accelerate the clinical development process, driving decision-making and saving resources in the development lifecycle.

The demand for electronic clinical solutions, such as those provided by us, has been driven by the increasing complexity and cost associated with paper-based trials and inefficiencies with early generation electronic data capture, or EDC, solutions. Paper-based trials may delay the clinical development process, impair data quality and prevent real-time decision making, while traditional EDC solutions have faced challenges with integration, site requirements, customization and scalability.

We have grown our revenues significantly since inception by expanding our customer base, increasing penetration with existing customers, selling multiple products under our clinical cloud-based platform, enhancing our products and services and growing our indirect channel. In order to achieve and sustain our growth objectives, we have invested and will continue to invest in key areas, including: new personnel, particularly in direct domestic and international sales activities; resources to support our product development, including product functionality and platform; marketing programs to build brand awareness; and infrastructure to support growth.

 

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We derive a majority of our application services revenues through multi-study arrangements for a pre-determined number of studies. We also offer our application services on a single-study basis that allows customers to use our solution for a limited number of studies or to evaluate it prior to committing to multi-study arrangements. We invest heavily in training our customers, their investigators and other third parties to configure clinical trials independently. We believe this knowledge transfer accelerates customer adoption of our solutions.

We use a number of metrics to evaluate and manage our business. These metrics include revenue growth, customer growth, customer retention rate, revenues from lost customers, geographic contribution, and application services backlog.

Our customer base has grown from 148 at January 1, 2009 to 316 at June 30, 2012. Our relationships with some of these customers include multiple divisions and business units at various domestic and international locations. We generate revenues from sales to new customers as well as sales and renewals from our existing customers. Our global direct sales organization represents our primary source of sales, with an increasing volume of sales generated through our CRO relationships. Our customer retention rate was 96.7% and 95.4% for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. We calculate customer retention based upon the number of customers that existed both at the beginning and end of the relevant period. Revenues from lost customers for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 accounted for 0.5% and 4.2%, respectively, of total prior year revenues. To calculate the impact of customers lost during the period, we consider the revenues recognized from lost customers during the most recent prior fiscal year as a percentage of total company revenues from the same period. Traditionally, we maintain a high percentage of customer retention and hence the revenue impact from lost customers is insignificant to our total revenues. We believe revenues from lost customers coupled with customer retention rate give the best sense of volume and scale of customer loss and retention. Our presentation of customer retention and revenues from lost customers may differ from other companies in our industry.

We manage our business as one reportable segment. Historically, we have generated most of our revenues from sales to customers located in the United States. However, revenues generated from customers located in Europe and Asia (including Australia) represent a significant portion of overall revenues. Revenues generated from customers located in Europe represented approximately 20% and 21% of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and approximately 19% and 22% of total revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Revenues generated from customers in Asia represented approximately 14% and 13% of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and approximately 15% and 14% of total revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. We expect sales from customers in Europe and Asia to continue to represent a significant portion of total sales as we continue to serve existing and new customers in these markets.

With our adoption of Accounting Standards Codification, or ASU, No. 2009-13, Multiple Deliverable Revenue Arrangements, on January 1, 2011, we recognize revenue from professional services as services are delivered for all arrangements entered into or materially modified subsequent to the date of adoption, while revenue recognition for professional services arrangements entered into prior to 2011 continues to be ratable over the term of the corresponding application services arrangement until such arrangements expire. Thus, over time we expect professional services to no longer contribute to total backlog or deferred revenue in a significant manner. Consequently, we now monitor application services backlog as an indicator of the underlying health of our business.

Application services backlog solely relates to our cloud-based offerings, representing the total future contract value of outstanding multi-study and single-study arrangements, billed and unbilled, at a point in time. Application services revenues generated in any given period is a function of revenue recognized from the beginning of period application services backlog, contract renewals, and new customer contracts. For this reason, application services backlog at the beginning of any period is not necessarily indicative of long-term future performance. We monitor the amount of revenues expected to be recognized from application services backlog over the current fiscal year while updating application services backlog each quarter to indicate how much remains to be recognized within the year. As of January 1, 2012, we had full year application services backlog of approximately $135 million. The remaining amount of revenue to be recognized from application services backlog in the current year, or remaining application services backlog, as of June 30, 2012 is approximately $80 million.

We consider the global adoption of clinical development technologies to be essential to our future growth. Our future growth will also depend on our ability to sustain the high levels of customer satisfaction and our ability to increase sales to existing customers. In addition, the market for our products is often characterized by rapid technological change and evolving regulatory standards. Our future growth is dependent on the successful

 

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development and introduction of new products and enhancements. To address these challenges, we will continue to expand our direct and indirect sales channels in domestic and international markets, pursue research and development as well as acquisition opportunities to expand and enhance our product offerings, expand our marketing efforts, and drive customer adoption through our knowledge transfer professional services offerings. Our success in these areas will depend upon our abilities to execute on our operational plans, interpret and respond to customer and regulatory requirements, and retain key staff.

Acquisition of Clinical Force

On July 1, 2011, we completed an acquisition of Clinical Force, a provider of clinical trial management systems, or CTMS. With this acquisition, we expanded our service offerings to include a clinical trial management solution, which enables our customers to reduce the financial and operational management burden of clinical trials, streamline clinical processes and increase visibility to timely information that enhances governance and decision making. The total consideration is expected to be $7.0 million consisting of a cash payment of $5.2 million paid at the closing date, plus additional performance-based earn-out payments of up to $2.6 million, which had an estimated fair value of $1.8 million as of the acquisition date. Our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 include the operations of Clinical Force. We have combined Clinical Force into our single operating segment.

Sources of Revenues

We derive revenues from application services and professional services. Application services consist of multi-study or single-study arrangements, which give our customers the right to use our software solutions, hosting and site support, as well as clinical trial planning software solutions, which enable our customers to effectively manage their trial planning. Professional services consist of assisting our customers and partners with the design, workflow, implementation and management of their clinical trials.

Our application services are principally provided through multi-study arrangements, which grant customers the right to manage up to a predetermined number of clinical trials for a term generally ranging from three to five years, as well as single-study arrangements that allow customers to use application services for an individual study and/or to evaluate our application services prior to committing to multi-study arrangements. Many of our customers have migrated from single-study arrangements to multi-study arrangements and multi-study arrangements represent the majority of our application services revenues. We also offer other applications under our cloud-based platform that improve efficiencies for clinical trials from concept to conclusion.

Our professional services provide our customers with reliable, repeatable and cost-effective implementation and training in the use of our application services. We also offer consulting services to advise customers on ways to optimize their clinical development process from trial concept to conclusion. Professional services revenues have represented a smaller portion of overall revenues in recent years. Over the long term, we expect professional services revenues to decline slightly as a percentage of total revenues as our customers and partners become more adept at the management and configuration of our technology for their clinical trials as part of our knowledge transfer efforts.

Cost of Revenues

Cost of revenues consists primarily of costs related to hosting, maintaining and supporting our application suite and delivering our professional services and support. These costs include salaries, benefits, bonuses and stock-based compensation for our data center and professional services staff. Cost of revenues also includes costs associated with our data center, including networking and related depreciation expense; as well as outside service provider costs, amortization expense and general overhead. We allocate general overhead, such as applicable shared rent and utilities, to cost of revenues based on relative headcount. The costs associated with providing professional services are recognized as such costs are incurred. Over the long term, we believe that cost of revenues as a percentage of total revenues will decrease.

 

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Operating Costs and Expenses

Research and Development . Research and development expenses consist primarily of personnel and related expenses for our research and development staff, including salaries, benefits, bonuses and stock-based compensation, the cost of certain third-party service providers and allocated overhead. We have focused our research and development efforts on expanding the functionality and ease of use of our applications. We expect research and development costs to increase in absolute dollars in the future as we intend to release new features and functionality designed to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of the clinical development process for our customers. Over the long term, we believe that research and development expenses as a percentage of total revenues will decline slightly.

Sales and Marketing . Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of personnel and related expenses for our sales and marketing staff, including salaries, benefits, bonuses and stock-based compensation, commissions, travel costs, and marketing and promotional events, corporate communications, advertising, other brand building and product marketing expenses and allocated overhead. Our sales and marketing expenses have increased in absolute dollars primarily due to our ongoing substantial investments in customer acquisition. We expect sales and marketing expenses to continue to increase in absolute dollars. Over the long term, we believe that sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of total revenues will decline slightly.

General and Administrative . General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel and related expenses for executive, legal, quality assurance, finance and human resource departments, including salaries, benefits, bonuses and stock-based compensation, professional fees, insurance premiums, allocated overhead and other corporate expenses. On an ongoing basis, we expect general and administrative expenses to increase modestly in absolute dollars as we continue to add administrative personnel and incur additional professional fees and other expenses resulting from continued growth and the compliance requirements of operating as a public company. Over the long term, we believe that general and administrative expenses as a percentage of total revenues will decrease.

Income Tax Expense

Prior to the fourth quarter of 2011, we did not realize an income tax benefit for the majority of our net operating loss carryforwards and other net deferred tax assets as we had yet to determine that it was more likely than not that our future taxable income would be sufficient to utilize these tax benefits. As a result, we had provided a valuation allowance against the majority of our net deferred tax assets.

In the fourth quarter of 2011, we determined that, as a result of our evaluation of deferred tax asset recoverability against our estimated future taxable income, it was more likely than not that we will realize the benefit from the majority of our deferred tax assets. Consequently, we recorded a one-time benefit of approximately $19.0 million resulting from the reversal of the valuation allowance on the majority of our deferred tax assets.

We have U.S. federal and state net operating loss carryforwards available to offset future taxable income, which do not fully expire until 2028 and are subject to limitations under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, or Section 382. With the reversal of the valuation allowance that occurred in the fourth quarter of 2011, we expect that our effective income tax rate will range from 38 to 42 percent in 2012. In addition, we expect our overall income tax expense to increase in absolute dollars.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Our critical accounting policies, including the assumptions and judgments underlying them, require the application of significant judgment in the preparation of our financial statements, and as a result they are subject to a greater degree of uncertainty. In applying these policies, we use our judgment to determine the appropriate assumptions to be used in calculating estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Estimates and assumptions are based on historical experience and on various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates. Our critical accounting policies consist of revenue recognition, stock-based compensation, goodwill and intangibles and income taxes, descriptions of which are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011. There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies since December 31, 2011.

 

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Results of Operations

We recognize revenues from application services arrangements ratably over the terms of these arrangements. As a result, a substantial majority of our application services revenues in each quarter are generated from arrangements entered into in prior periods. Consequently, an increase or a decrease in application services arrangements in a particular quarter may not significantly affect results of operations in that quarter.

Our typical practice is to sell application services and professional services in a multiple-element arrangement. In connection with our adoption of ASU No. 2009-13 on January 1, 2011, we began to recognize revenues from professional services as delivered for any multiple-element arrangements entered into or materially modified subsequent to 2011. Concurrently, as required by ASU No. 2009-13, we continue to recognize revenues from professional services ratably over the term of the multiple-element arrangements entered into prior to 2011 under the pre-amended ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition — Multiple-Element Arrangements , until such arrangements expire. As a result, professional services revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 consisted of revenues recognized under different revenue recognition policies as stated. Regardless of revenue recognition, we recognize expenses related to our professional services in the period in which the expenses are incurred.

As of the current year, we now expect professional services revenues and gross margins to be more reflective of the services delivered during each reporting period. The revenue impact of multiple-element arrangements entered into prior to 2011 continues to decline significantly as those arrangements expire and more professional services revenues are recognized on an as delivered basis.

During the second quarter of 2012, we signed a large contract with the research division of a top ten pharmaceutical company, an existing customer, which selected our clinical cloud-based platform for its global clinical technology needs. This contract provides this customer with access to our full clinical cloud platform. We estimate that this contract will be worth in excess of $100 million in applications services revenues over five years, inclusive of a multi-year adoption ramp and assuming certain performance incentives are satisfied and that annual renewal options are exercised in the final two years. Excluding exercise of customer’s renewal options in years four and five and payment of any performance incentive bonuses, the minimum contractual obligation of this contract will be approximately $57 million over the first three years, including professional services to be delivered in the first year of the contract. The incremental revenues recognized from this contract did not have a significant impact on our total revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012. It is our intention to pursue additional platform sales with our other customers, realizing that our platform strategy will require additional time and investment to mature.

The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations as a percentage of total revenues for the periods shown:

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  

Revenues:

        

Application services

     77.6     77.7     77.0 %     79.6

Professional services

     22.4     22.3     23.0 %     20.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     100.0     100.0     100.0 %     100.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cost of revenues:

        

Application services

     15.3     14.0     15.1 %     15.6

Professional services

     14.1     12.6     14.1 %     13.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

     29.4     26.6     29.2 %     29.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     70.6     73.4     70.8 %     70.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating costs and expenses:

        

Research and development

     19.9     14.0     19.8 %     15.6

Sales and marketing

     22.9     19.5     21.8 %     19.5

General and administrative

     17.1     18.5     17.8 %     20.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating costs and expenses

     59.9     52.0     59.4 %     55.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     10.7     21.4     11.4 %     15.6

 

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Three Months Ended June 30, 2012 Compared with Three Months Ended June 30, 2011

Revenues

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      %  
     (Amount in thousands)  

Revenues:

               

Application services

   $ 41,541         77.6   $ 39,027         77.7   $ 2,514         6.4

Professional services

     11,972         22.4     11,175         22.3     797         7.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 53,513         100.0   $ 50,202         100.0   $ 3,311         6.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues . Total revenues increased $3.3 million, or 6.6%, to $53.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $50.2 million for the same period in 2011. The increase in revenues was primarily due to a $2.5 million increase in revenues from application services and an $0.8 million increase in revenues from professional services. During the second quarter of 2012, we added 33 new customers to reach a total of 316 customers as of June 30, 2012. At the start of the second quarter of 2012, we had approximately $107 million of 2012 remaining application services backlog. As of June 30, 2012, the total 2012 remaining application services backlog was approximately $80 million.

Application services revenues . Revenues from application services increased $2.5 million, or 6.4%, to $41.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $39.0 million for the same period in 2011. The majority of the increase in application services revenues was derived from increased activity among our existing large customers and midmarket customers, primarily resulting from new studies and renewals. We also benefitted from strong demand from both new and existing customers for multiple products. Our application services revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2011 included a $2.3 million one-time revenue acceleration associated with two customer contract renewals as a result of our adoption of ASU No. 2009-13, of which $1.2 million was accelerated from future periods in 2011 and 2012. Excluding this impact, revenues from new customers accounted for 64% of the total increase in application services revenues.

Professional services revenues . Revenues from professional services increased $0.8 million, or 7.1%, to $12.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $11.2 million for the same period in 2011. The increase in professional services revenues was due to higher billings, primarily resulting from high demand for servicing of new products. The majority of our professional services were recognized as delivered in current year as compared with the same period in prior year, following our adoption of ASU No. 2009-13 on January 1, 2011. Our professional services revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2011 included a $3.0 million one-time revenue acceleration associated with two customer contract renewals as a result of our adoption of ASU No. 2009-13, of which $2.3 million was accelerated from future periods in 2011 and 2012. Excluding this impact, revenues from new customers accounted for 52% of the total increase in professional services revenues.

Cost of Revenues

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      %  
     (Amount in thousands)  

Cost of revenues:

               

Application services

   $ 8,213         15.3   $ 7,050         14.0   $ 1,163         16.5

Professional services

     7,562         14.1     6,306         12.6     1,256         19.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

   $ 15,775         29.4   $ 13,356         26.6   $ 2,419         18.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues . Total cost of revenues increased $2.5 million, or 18.1%, to $15.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $13.3 million for the same period in 2011.

Cost of application services revenues . Cost of application services revenues increased $1.2 million, or 16.5%, to $8.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $7.0 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was primarily due to higher technology-related expenses associated with our multi-year software-related licenses and service contracts entered into during the second quarter of 2012. The increase was also driven by the increase in hosting costs resulting from increased headcount and outside consultants to support our business growth.

Cost of professional services revenues . Cost of professional services revenues increased $1.3 million, or 19.9%, to $7.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $6.3 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was primarily driven by higher personnel-related costs resulting from an increase in headcount to support our high demand for servicing of new products. In addition, reimbursable customer-related expenses were also higher due to an overall increase in professional services activities.

 

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Operating Costs and Expenses

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount     %  
     (Amount in thousands)  

Operating costs and expenses:

              

Research and development

   $ 10,628         19.9   $ 7,043         14.0   $ 3,585        50.9

Sales and marketing

     12,263         22.9     9,784         19.5     2,479        25.3

General and administrative

     9,159         17.1     9,296         18.5     (137     (1.5 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating costs and expenses

   $ 32,050         59.9   $ 26,123         52.0   $ 5,927        22.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating costs and expenses . Total operating costs and expenses increased $5.9 million, or 22.7%, to $32.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $26.1 million for the same period in 2011. Research and development and sales and marketing primarily accounted for the increase in total operating costs and expenses, while general and administrative costs remained relatively constant.

Research and development expenses . Research and development expenses increased $3.6 million, or 50.9%, to $10.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $7.0 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was primarily due to an increase in personnel-related costs of $2.6 million, which was attributable to significant increases in staffing levels in order to accelerate the enhancement and broadening of our product offerings. The increase was also due to higher recruiting expenses driven by the increase in headcount. We believe our investments in research and development position us to capitalize on the opportunities we see in our markets.

Sales and marketing expenses . Sales and marketing expenses increased $2.5 million, or 25.3%, to $12.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $9.8 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was primarily due to higher personnel-related costs of $2.1 million, resulting from increased staffing levels associated with the expansion of the reach and capability of our global sales organization in support of our overall growth initiatives. In addition, sales incentive compensation costs were also higher as a result of higher sales performance versus a year ago.

General and administrative expenses . General and administrative expenses decreased $0.2 million, or 1.5%, to $9.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $9.3 million for the same period in 2011. The decrease was primarily due to lower legal fees resulting from our legal settlement with Datasci in December 2011.

Income Tax Expense

Income tax expense increased $1.4 million to $2.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012 from $0.7 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was the result of a higher effective tax rate at 37% versus 7% a year ago, following the reversal of our valuation allowance in the fourth quarter of 2011. At June 30, 2011, we maintained a valuation allowance against the majority of our domestic net deferred tax assets. Our U.S. Federal income tax liability for the three months ended June 30, 2011 was substantially covered by our net operating loss carryforwards.

 

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Six Months Ended June 30, 2012 Compared with Six Months Ended June 30, 2011

Revenues

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      %  
     (Amount in thousands)  

Revenues:

               

Application services

   $ 79,937         77.0   $ 72,432         79.6   $ 7,505         10.4

Professional services

     23,935         23.0     18,527         20.4     5,408         29.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 103,872         100.0   $ 90,959         100.0   $ 12,913         14.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues . Total revenues increased $12.9 million, or 14.2%, to $103.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $91.0 million for the same period in 2011. The increase in revenues was primarily due to a $7.5 million increase in revenues from application services and a $5.4 million increase in revenues from professional services. During the first six months of 2012, we added 50 new customers, to reach a total of 316 customers as of June 30, 2012. At the start of 2012, we had approximately $135 million of 2012 full year application services backlog. As of June 30, 2012, the total 2012 remaining application services backlog was approximately $80 million.

Application services revenues . Revenues from application services increased $7.5 million, or 10.4%, to $79.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $72.4 million for the same period in 2011. The majority of the increase in application services revenues was derived from increased activity among our existing large customers and midmarket customers, primarily resulting from new studies and renewals. We also benefitted from strong demand from both new and existing customers for multiple products. Our application services revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2011 included a $2.5 million one-time revenue acceleration associated with two customer contract renewals as a result of our adoption of ASU No. 2009-13, of which $1.2 million was accelerated from future periods in 2011 and 2012. Excluding this impact, revenues from new customers accounted for 56% of the total year on year increase in application services revenues.

Professional services revenues . Revenues from professional services increased $5.4 million, or 29.2%, to $23.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $18.5 million for the same period in 2011. The increase in professional services revenues was due to higher billings, primarily resulting from high demand for servicing of new products. The majority of our professional services were recognized as delivered in current year as compared with the same period in prior year, following our adoption of ASU No. 2009-13 on January 1, 2011. Our professional services revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2011 included a $3.5 million one-time revenue acceleration associated with two customer contract renewals as a result of our adoption of ASU No. 2009-13, of which $2.3 million was accelerated from future periods in 2011 and 2012. Excluding this impact, revenues from new customers accounted for 45% of the total increase in professional services revenues.

Cost of Revenues

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      %  
     (Amount in thousands)  

Cost of revenues:

               

Application services

   $ 15,697         15.1   $ 14,192         15.6   $ 1,505         10.6

Professional services

     14,693         14.1     12,252         13.5     2,441         19.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

   $ 30,390         29.2   $ 26,444         29.1   $ 3,946         14.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues . Total cost of revenues increased $4.0 million, or 14.9%, to $30.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $26.4 million for the same period in 2011.

Cost of application services revenues . Cost of application services revenues increased $1.5 million, or 10.6%, to $15.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $14.2 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was primarily due to higher technology-related expenses associated with our multi-year software-related licenses and service contracts entered into during the second quarter of 2012. The increase was also driven by the increase in hosting costs resulting from increased headcount and outside consultants to support our business growth.

Cost of professional services revenues . Cost of professional services revenues increased $2.4 million, or 19.9%, to $14.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $12.3 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was primarily driven by higher personnel-related costs resulting from an increase in headcount to support our high demand for servicing of new products. In addition, reimbursable customer-related expenses were also higher due to an overall increase in professional services activities.

 

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Operating Costs and Expenses

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2012     2011     Change  
     Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      % of
Revenues
    Amount      %  
     (Amount in thousands)  

Operating costs and expenses:

               

Research and development

   $ 20,583         19.8   $ 14,205         15.6   $ 6,378         44.9

Sales and marketing

     22,646         21.8     17,731         19.5     4,915         27.7

General and administrative

     18,449         17.8     18,382         20.2     67         0.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating costs and expenses

   $ 61,678         59.4   $ 50,318         55.3   $ 11,360         22.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating costs and expenses . Total operating costs and expenses increased $11.4 million, or 22.6%, to $61.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $50.3 million for the same period in 2011. Costs increased in each department with the larger increases in research and development and sales and marketing.

Research and development expenses . Research and development expenses increased $6.4 million, or 44.9%, to $20.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $14.2 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was primarily due to an increase in personnel-related costs of $4.8 million, which was attributable to significant increases in staffing levels in order to accelerate the enhancement and broadening of our product offerings. The increase was also due to higher recruiting expenses driven by the increase in headcount. We believe our investments in research and development position us to capitalize on the opportunities we see in our markets.

Sales and marketing expenses . Sales and marketing expenses increased $4.9 million, or 27.7%, to $22.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $17.7 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was primarily due to higher personnel-related costs of $3.7 million, resulting from increased staffing levels associated with the expansion of the reach and capability of our global sales organization in support of our overall growth initiatives. In addition, sales incentive compensation costs were also higher as a result of higher sales performance versus a year ago. Higher travel-related costs and professional fees, in support of increased selling and marketing-related activities, also impacted expenses.

General and administrative expenses . General and administrative expenses remained relatively constant at $18.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 as compared with $18.4 million for the same period in 2011. An increase in personnel-related costs, primarily resulting from higher incentive compensation costs, was offset by a decrease in professional fees driven by lower legal fees resulting from our legal settlement with Datasci in December 2011 and overall lower accounting-related fees.

Income Tax Expense

Income tax expense increased $3.4 million to $4.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012 from $1.1 million for the same period in 2011. The increase was the result of a higher effective tax rate at 38% versus 8% a year ago, following the reversal of our valuation allowance in the fourth quarter of 2011. At June 30, 2011, we maintained a valuation allowance against the majority of our domestic net deferred tax assets. Our U.S. Federal income tax liability for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was substantially covered by our net operating loss carryforwards.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our principal sources of liquidity were cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities of $113.9 million at June 30, 2012 and $107.7 million at December 31, 2011. Cash and cash equivalents increased $13.5 million during the first six months of 2012 primarily due to net proceeds from marketable securities, increased billings from our strong sales activities and collections from our accounts receivable, and proceeds from stock option exercises. We manage our cash equivalents and marketable securities as a single investment portfolio that is intended to be

 

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available to meet our current cash requirements. Cash equivalents substantially consist of investment in money market funds. Marketable securities, which we classify as available-for-sale securities, primarily consist of high quality commercial paper, corporate bonds, U.S. government debt obligations, and bank certificates of deposit. Marketable securities with remaining effective maturities of twelve months or less from the balance sheet date are classified as short-term; otherwise, they are classified as long-term on the consolidated balance sheet. Our investment policy for this investment portfolio generally requires investments in securities with less than one year to maturity.

We have a $10.0 million revolving line of credit under our senior secured credit facility, as amended, that matures in September 2013. Except for the $0.3 million reduction of the available amount due to a standby letter of credit issued in connection with the office lease executed under our credit agreement, the revolving line of credit remains undrawn. As of June 30, 2012, approximately $9.7 million of the revolving line of credit was still available for future borrowings. Due to the structure of the credit agreement, any future borrowings under the revolving line of credit will be classified as a current liability. As of June 30, 2012, the effective interest rate for our senior secured credit facility, as amended, was 2.75%, if borrowing under the U.S. London Interbank Offer Rate, or LIBOR, option. We are in compliance with all covenants under our senior secured credit facility, as amended, as of June 30, 2012.

We believe that our cash flows from operations, existing cash and cash equivalents and highly liquid marketable securities and our availability under our existing revolving line of credit will be sufficient to satisfy the anticipated cash requirements associated with our existing operations for the foreseeable future. For the remainder of 2012, we expect to make approximately $3 to $4 million in capital expenditures, primarily to enhance our infrastructure and increase the capacity in our Houston data center, as well as to enhance our computer equipment across various corporate functions. We expect to acquire our capital equipment through purchases as opposed to capital lease arrangements.

Cash Flows

Cash Flows Provided By Operating Activities

Cash flows provided by operating activities during the six months ended June 30, 2012 were $8.2 million, which consisted primarily of net income of $7.4 million, non-cash adjustments, including stock-based compensation of $5.3 million, depreciation and amortization of $4.0 million and deferred income taxes of $3.3 million, as well as changes in working capital. The change in working capital includes increases in accounts receivable of $10.7 million, deferred revenue of $4.6 million, and prepaid expenses and other current assets of $2.7 million. The fluctuation within accounts receivable and deferred revenue was primarily due to higher billing activities, partially offset by our strong customer collections, as well as the timing of associated revenue recognition. The increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets related to payments for multi-year software-related licenses and service contracts expected to be utilized over the following three years.

Cash flows provided by operating activities during the six months ended June 30, 2011 were $11.6 million, which consisted primarily of net income of $13.2 million, non-cash adjustments of stock-based compensation of $4.0 million and depreciation and amortization of $4.0 million, a decrease in accounts receivable of $6.4 million, partially offset by a decrease in deferred revenue of $12.3 million and a decrease in accrued payroll and other compensation of $4.3 million. The changes in working capital was impacted by the fluctuation within accounts receivable and deferred revenue, which was primarily due to the timing of billings, the associated revenue recognition and the decline in large upfront payments received from our customers. Some of our larger customers changed to more periodic payment terms upon their contracts renewals. This trend has been consistent with our expectation as our cloud-based business model continues to evolve. The decrease in accrued payroll and other compensation was the result of our payment of annual bonuses.

Cash Flows Provided by Investing Activities

Cash flows provided by investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2012 were $3.4 million, which was related to $43.0 million in proceeds from the sale and maturity of marketable securities, partially offset by $36.3 million in purchases of marketable securities and $3.2 million in purchases of furniture, fixtures and equipment. For the six months ended June 30, 2012 we acquired an insignificant amount of equipment through capital lease arrangements.

 

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Cash flows used in investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2011 were $5.3 million, which was related to the $70.2 million purchases of marketable securities and the $1.9 million purchases of furniture, fixtures and equipment, partially offset by the $66.7 million in proceeds from the sale and maturity of marketable securities and a $0.1 million decrease in our restricted cash. For the six months ended June 30, 2011, we did not acquire any equipment through capital lease arrangements.

Cash Flows Provided by Financing Activities

Cash flows provided by financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2012 were $1.8 million, which was primarily due to $4.6 million in proceeds from stock option exercises and $0.7 million of excess tax benefit realized from equity awards, partially offset by $3.1 million relating to the acquisition of treasury stock in connection with the vesting of restricted stock awards and $0.3 million in acquisition-related earn-out payments.

Cash flows used in financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2011 were $0.5 million, which was primarily due to $1.6 million relating to the acquisition of treasury stock in connection with the vesting of restricted stock awards and $0.5 million of capital lease principal payments, partially offset by $1.6 million of proceeds from stock options exercise.

Contractual Obligations, Commitments and Contingencies

In April 2012, we exercised our provision pursuant to the lease agreement to opt out of an optional additional five-year term, beginning October 2012, at our Uxbridge, United Kingdom office. The total amount of the original lease commitment for this optional lease term was approximately $1.5 million over five years, which is now no longer an obligation to us. At this time, we are still in negotiations and have not finalized the new lease of our office space in the United Kingdom.

Other than stated above, there was no material change in our contractual obligations during the first six months of 2012.

In January 2009, we entered into agreements with certain of our executive officers that provide them with certain benefits upon the termination of their employment following a change of control in our company. The agreements provide that, upon a qualifying event, such officers will be entitled to (a) a severance payment equal to the officer’s base salary plus target bonus amount; (b) continuation of health benefits for 12 months; (c) immediate vesting of any remaining unvested equity awards; and (d) a tax gross up payment under Section 280G of the Internal Revenue Code sufficient to reimburse the officer for 50% of any excise tax payable as a result of any termination payments following a change in control, if applicable. In March 2012, we amended the agreements with our named executive officers to eliminate the tax gross-up payments.

On March 4, 2011, DataTrak International, Inc. filed a complaint for alleged patent infringement against us in DataTrak International v. Medidata Solutions, C.A. No. 1:11-cv-00458 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. The complaint asserts infringement of U.S. Patent No. 7,464,087, or the ’087 Patent, which claims a method and system for unifying data from a variety of sources. The complaint asserts that we infringe the patent owned without providing any details concerning the alleged infringement, and it seeks unspecified damages and injunctive relief. On October 28, 2011, we filed an application for ex parte reexamination of the ’087 Patent with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, or PTO. On December 16, 2011, the PTO issued a non-final rejection of the validity of all claims of the ’087 Patent. On the same date, the district court granted our motion to stay the case pending reexamination of the patent-in-suit. On April 6, 2012, the PTO issued its final office action rejecting all asserted claims of the ’087 Patent. In July 2012, DataTrak filed a notice of appeal to the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences. If this appeal is not successful and the decision is ultimately upheld, it will result in the elimination of the litigation. We believe that we have valid defenses to the lawsuit and intend to defend it vigorously in the event the stay of the case is lifted. The probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome to us in the event the stay of the case is lifted is unknown and a range of loss, if any, cannot be estimated at this time. As a result, we have not recorded an accrual associated with this litigation.

On July 31, 2012, DataTrak was issued U.S. Patent No. 8,234,294, or the ’294 Patent, which is closely related to the ’087 Patent previously asserted against us. On July 31, 2012, we filed a lawsuit against DataTrak in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey seeking a declaratory judgment of patent invalidity and non-infringement concerning the ’294 Patent. We intend to vigorously pursue our claims and defenses concerning the ’294 Patent. The ultimate outcome of this litigation cannot presently be determined, nor can the liability that could potentially result from a negative outcome be reasonably estimated. As a result, we have not recorded an accrual associated with this litigation.

Effects of Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement: Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs . The amendments in this ASU generally represent clarification of ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures , but also include instances where a particular principle or requirement for measuring fair value or for disclosing information about fair value measurements has changed. ASU No. 2011-04 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. We adopted ASU No. 2011-04 on January 1, 2012 and the adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income , which removes the presentation options contained in ASC 220, Comprehensive Income , and requires entities to report components of comprehensive income in either a continuous statement of comprehensive income or two separate but consecutive statements. Under the two-statement approach, the first statement would include components of net income, which is consistent with the format of statement of operations used today, and the second statement would include components of other comprehensive income. In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-12, Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to Presentation of Reclassification of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in ASU 2011-05, to defer indefinitely the effective date of the specific requirement to present items that are reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income to net income alongside their respective components of net income and other comprehensive income. All other provisions of ASU No. 2011-05 are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011, and must be applied retrospectively for all periods presented in the financial statements. We adopted the applicable provisions of ASU No. 2011-05 on January 1, 2012. The adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements other than merely a change in their presentation.

In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, Testing Goodwill for Impairment , which simplifies how entities test goodwill for impairment. ASU No. 2011-08 permits an entity to assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. ASU No. 2011-08 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASU No. 2011-08 on January 1, 2012 and the adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Dividends

We currently expect to retain any future earnings for use in the operation and expansion of our business and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities of financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. Other than our operating leases for office space and computer equipment, we do not engage in off-balance sheet financing arrangements.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Interest Rate Sensitivity

We had unrestricted cash and cash equivalents totaling $58.7 million at June 30, 2012. Our cash equivalents are principally invested in money market funds. We also had investments in marketable securities, which we classify as available-for-sale securities, totaling $55.2 million at June 30, 2012. Substantially all of our marketable securities are fixed income securities, which primarily consist of high quality commercial paper, corporate bonds, U.S. government debt obligations, and bank certificates of deposit. The unrestricted cash and cash equivalents as well as marketable securities are held for working capital purposes. We manage our cash equivalents and marketable securities as a single investment portfolio that is intended to be available to meet our current cash requirements. We do not enter into investments for trading or speculative purposes. Due to the short-term nature and high credit ratings of these investments, we believe that we do not have any material exposure to changes in the fair value of our investment portfolio as a result of changes in interest rates. Declines in interest rates, however, would reduce future investment income.

We have a floating rate revolving line of credit under our senior secured credit facility, as amended, which is currently undrawn. Accordingly, we will be exposed to fluctuations in interest rates if such revolving line of credit is drawn. Assuming the maximum available amount of our revolving line of credit was drawn as of June 30, 2012, each hundred basis point change in prime rate or LIBOR would result in a change in interest expense by an average of approximately $0.1 million annually.

 

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Exchange Rate Sensitivity

We have two separate exposures to currency fluctuation risk: subsidiaries outside the United States that use a foreign currency as their functional currency that are translated into U.S. dollars for consolidation and non-U.S. dollar-invoiced revenues.

Changes in foreign exchange rates for our subsidiaries that use a foreign currency as their functional currency are translated into U.S. dollars and result in cumulative translation adjustments, which are included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). We have translation exposure to various foreign currencies, including the Euro, British Pound Sterling and Japanese Yen. The potential translation loss resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse change in quoted foreign currency exchange rates amounts to $1.2 million estimated for the six months ended June 30, 2012.

We generally invoice our customers in U.S. dollars. However, we invoice a portion of customers in foreign currencies, the majority of which is denominated in Euros, Canadian dollars, and British Pounds Sterling. As such, the fluctuations in such currencies could impact our operating results.

Impact of Inflation

We do not believe that inflation has had a material effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. If our costs were to become subject to significant inflationary pressures, we might not be able to offset these higher costs fully through price increases. Our inability or failure to do so could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

ASC 825-10, Financial Instruments , requires disclosure about fair value of financial instruments. The carrying amounts of our financial instruments, which consist of cash and cash equivalents, receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments. Fair values of marketable securities are based on unadjusted quoted market prices or pricing models using current market data that are observable either directly or indirectly. The fair value of contingent consideration is determined based on the likelihood of contingent earn-out payments. All methods of assessing fair value result in a general approximation of value, and such value may never actually be realized.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As of June 30, 2012, an evaluation was performed with the participation of our Disclosure Committee and our management, including the Chief Executive Officer, or CEO, and the Chief Financial Officer, or CFO, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures are also designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based upon such evaluation, our CEO and CFO have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2012.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting, during our most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

See Note 10, “Commitments and Contingencies – Legal Matters,” to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a description of current legal proceedings.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

We operate in a rapidly changing environment that involves a number of risks, some of which are beyond our control. The risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 are those which we believe are the material risks we face. There have been no material changes in our risk factors since our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011. Any of those disclosed risk factors or additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us, or that we currently deem immaterial, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sale of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Sales of Unregistered Securities

Not applicable.

Use of Proceeds from our IPO

In July 2009, we used a portion of the net proceeds from our IPO in June 2009 to prepay the entire outstanding indebtedness of the term loan under our credit facility. The total payoff amount of $14.7 million included the outstanding principal balance of $14.3 million, as well as accrued interest and termination fees of $0.4 million.

In addition, we also used a portion of the net proceeds from our IPO to acquire Clinical Force in July 2011. The total consideration was cash payment of $5.2 million paid at closing and earn-out payments of up to $2.6 million. The earn-out payments are contingent upon the achievement of future billing targets for the CTMS application. During the first quarter of 2012, we paid $0.3 million in cash earn-out payments as a result of the achievement of CTMS billing targets for the measurement period ended December 31, 2011. The remaining earn-out payments, if achieved, will be payable in two annual installments beginning at December 31, 2012.

The remaining net proceeds from our IPO have been invested in high quality marketable securities. We plan to use these remaining net proceeds for working capital and other general corporate purposes.

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

From time to time, we grant restricted stock awards to our employees pursuant to the terms of our 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan, or 2009 Plan. Under the provisions of our 2009 Plan, the plan participants are allowed to cover their income tax withholding obligation through net shares upon the vesting of their restricted shares. On the date of vesting of restricted shares, we determine the number of vested shares to be withheld based on their fair value at closing price of our common stock on the vesting date, which equals to the amount of plan participants’ income tax withholding obligation.

 

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A summary of our repurchases of shares of our common stock for the three months ended June 30, 2012 was as follows:

 

     Total Number
of Shares
Purchased(1)
     Average
Price Paid
per Share
     Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased as
Part of
Publicly
Announced
Plans or
Programs
     Maximum
Number of
Shares that
May Yet be
Purchased
under the  Plans
or Programs
 

April 1 – April 30, 2012

     —         $ —           —           —     

May 1 – May 31, 2012

     87,093         27.56         —           —     

June 1 – June 30, 2012

     22,528         30.08         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     109,621       $ 28.08         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Represents the number of shares acquired as payment by employees of applicable statutory minimum withholding taxes owed upon vesting of restricted stock granted under our 2009 Plan.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

The information required by this Item 6 is set forth on the exhibit index that follows the signature page of this report.

 

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Signature

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.
By:  

/s/ C ORY D OUGLAS

 

Cory Douglas

Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and Chief Accounting Officer)

Date: August 6, 2012

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

No.

  

Description

  31.1*

   Certification of CEO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) under the Exchange Act.

  31.2*

   Certification of CFO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) under the Exchange Act.

  32.1**

   Certification of CEO pursuant to Rules 13a-14(b) or 15d-14(b) under the Exchange Act and 18 U.S.C. 1350.

  32.2**

   Certification of CFO pursuant to Rules 13a-14(b) or 15d-14(b) under the Exchange Act and 18 U.S.C. 1350.

101.INS***

   XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH***

   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL***

   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF***

   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB***

   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE***

   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

* Filed herewith.
** Furnished herewith.
*** In accordance with Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the information in Exhibit 101 is furnished and deemed not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections and shall not be incorporated by reference into any registration statement or other document filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except as expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.

 

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Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE

SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Tarek A. Sherif, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Medidata Solutions, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a. designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b. designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c. evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d. disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a. all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b. any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: August 6, 2012

 

By:  

/s/ T AREK A. S HERIF

 

Tarek A. Sherif

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Medidata Solutions, Inc.

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE

SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Cory Douglas, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Medidata Solutions, Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a. designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b. designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c. evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d. disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a. all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b. any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: August 6, 2012

 

By:  

/s/ C ORY D OUGLAS

 

Cory Douglas

Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and Chief Accounting Officer)

Medidata Solutions, Inc.

Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. §1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Medidata Solutions, Inc. (the “Company”) for the period ended June 30, 2012, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Tarek A. Sherif, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that

 

(1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and

 

(2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company

Date: August 6, 2012

 

By:  

/s/ T AREK A. S HERIF

 

Tarek A. Sherif

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Medidata Solutions, Inc.

 

* A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to Medidata Solutions, Inc. and will be retained by Medidata Solutions, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

Exhibit 32.2

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. §1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Medidata Solutions, Inc. (the “Company”) for the period ended June 30, 2012, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Cory Douglas, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that

 

(1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and

 

(2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company

Date: August 6, 2012

 

By:  

/s/ C ORY D OUGLAS

 

Cory Douglas

Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and Chief Accounting Officer)

Medidata Solutions, Inc.

 

* A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to Medidata Solutions, Inc. and will be retained by Medidata Solutions, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.